Carrageenan is a natural carbohydrate that is obtained from edible red seaweeds. Carrageenan is used in a variety of commercial application as gelling, thickening and stabilizing agents. This is a generic name of gel forming that is obtained by extraction from certain species of red seaweeds. This particular type of seaweed is common in the AtlanticOcean.
Uses of carrageenan:
- Industrial uses of carrageenan:
It is immobilization of both enzymes and cell system is of major importance for the improvement of the stability and activity. Carrageenan is a suitable support material for the immobilization of cells by several applications in different industrial process. This is a food grade additive and ease of the immobilization protocol that has promoted its application in the food industries.
- Industrial food application:
Industrial vinegar production is a biochemical process that utilizes bacteria. This is an improvement that is attempted through the use of an airlift reactor using the acetobacter species. Carrageenan immobilization of whole cells that allows their application in highly selective production processes for fine chemicals.
- Pharmaceutical applications:
Tetracycline represents one of the most important groups of antibiotics and the method used for their industrial production is fermentation. Semi-synthetic antibiotics are prepared via the coupling of a lactam core with the side chain of phenylacetic acid.
- Other uses of carrageenan:
Carrageenan is called an emulsifier, stabilizer, and gum. Carrageenan is used to gel and thicken therefore they are used in emulsion stabilization and dispersion. Carrageenan is unique in its ability to suspend cocoa in chocolate milk at low concentration. The use of carrageenan in the food industry is often discussed in the context of its safety. A special use of carrageenan is in experimental medicine for the testing of anti-inflammatory drugs.